Why Alphabets are important in any language and why the number of alphabets differ from one language to another?

A language is a tool that is employed to communicate with each other in a verbal and written way. A typical language consists of multiple layers, starting from the top towards bottom, the very first layer is sentences. Sentences are meant to provide words with an appropriate place so that they can serve their meanings purposefully. Words provide sentences with a meaning. Simply put, a sentence is a meaningful collection of words in a language. 

Now coming to the second layer, which is words, words are made up of different alphabets in a language. Words have their own meanings, but they actually mean something when they are used in sentences. Words are classified in multiple categories like verbs, nouns, pronouns, adverbs, and adjectives. 

The third layer is the most important one and forms the foundation of any language, this layer consists of alphabets. Alphabets actually represents the verbal sounds used in a language for the sake of communication. These alphabets combine to form the words and then words combine to form sentences, thus, alphabets hold a pivotal role in any language and a language can’t exist without having properly defined alphabets. 

In this blog we have gathered details about alphabets that are used in some of the famous languages used across the world to help you get the basic knowledge of these languages. Further details are listed below:


English tops the chart amongst the most spoken languages around the world with 1.132 Billion speakers. English is implemented as the 2nd national and official language of countries like the Philippines and India. The English language is formed on a total of 26 alphabets and finds its origin from England. These letters start from A to Z, other alphabets are B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y. While a, e, i, o, u, and w are considered as vowels. 


This language finds its origin from ancient china, and currently it has more than a billion native speakers because the People’s Republic of China is a hugely populated country and almost all the residents use Chinese as their language for communication with each other. Another amazing thing about this language is it doesn’t use alphabets like other languages and relies on ideograms (representing ideas) or pictograms (representing pictures). If you are really up to learning functional Chinese then you may have to learn several thousand alphabets. 


Arabic is the national language of many middle eastern countries including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq, Egypt, and Oman. It is also considered the sacred language for Muslims as their Holy Book, ‘The Quran’ is written and recited in the Arabic language. The Arabic language consists of 28 alphabets, but these alphabets look totally different to the ones used in the English language. All 28 letters or Arabic alphabet are consonants. 


The Japanese language is written using around 2,000 symbols, however, all these symbols come from just 3 alphabets. The first one is known as Kanji, and it includes pictograms just like the ones used in the Chinese. The other alphabets hiragana and katakana are the phonetic ones and represent sounds used while speaking the Japanese language. Both these alphabets are considerably easier for laymen who want to learn the Japanese language. However, the surprising thing is both these alphabets consist of 46 letters. 


Moving back to the European region, the language is Deutsch and used by people living in Belgium and Netherlands. It is the national language of the Netherlands, but a considerable number of people living in Belgium also use it as their native language. It closely resembles the German language as well. This language consists of 26 alphabets just like the English language. Coming back to the differences between the German and the Deutsch language used in the Netherlands and Germany. The basic difference is the use of masculine and feminine in the German while the use of common in the Deutsch language.


Most probably you have already heard or seen the word ‘bonjour’, the word literally means good day in the French language and is the most well-known greeting in the French language. Now coming back to its alphabets, it also consists of 26 alphabets, but you may see some accent marks that create the difference.


Greek language is one of the oldest languages used in the world. Who doesn’t know about alpha and omega? These symbols are also used in physics and algebra, because these subjects also find their roots from the Greek history. Coming back to the language, you have to deal with 24 alphabets. However, it should be noted that it is typically a phonetic language with few tricky voices. The Greek script is one of the oldest scripts and there is literally, tons of knowledge was found written in the Greek script from old times.


Italian is not the easiest language because of its tricky voices, just take the example of the word “Pizza”. A general English speaker would call it a “Pi Za” however, an Italian native speaker would call it “pit-za” because of the use of ‘zz’ in the word. It consists of 21 letters, however, you may see letters like j, k, w, x, and y which are borrowed from other languages to write foreign words.


The Spanish language finds its roots from Spain, and it is also used as a native language in countries of Latin America like Mexico, Uruguay, and Argentina. It consists of 29 letters. The additional characters in the Spanish alphabet are ch, ll, ñ, and rr. All these characters represent different sounds.


Portuguese is the national language of Portugal and Brazil. It is spoken by around 255 million people worldwide. The writing system it follows is the Latin script, and it is closely affiliated with languages like Italian. It consists of 23 alphabets. 


Moving back to the Asian region, another complicated language we come across is the Korean. It consists of 24 alphabets and there are vowels as well. You may find it a challenge when you see a Korean character as it is arranged in blocks to represent the voices properly.